Even with CBD being in the spotlight, you may not have a grasp on what it is, or what CBD stands for. CBD is the abbreviation for cannabidiol, one of the many cannabinoids, or chemical compounds, that are found in cannabis plants.
CBD comes from cannabis plants such as marijuana and hemp. Many experts estimate that there are over one hundred active chemical compounds called cannabinoids within these plants, but the two main ones are CBD and THC. While THC is known for its ability to give psychoactive traits, or a high, to the individual consuming it, CBD is non-psychoactive and only provides the health benefits from the active cannabinoids within it.
How CBD Works
To understand how CBD works, you first need to know about the endocannabinoid system (ECS). The endocannabinoid system (ECS) is a system that runs throughout the human body, and is also found in other mammals, such as dogs. The ECB consists of a network of receptors called cannabinoid receptors. These receptors work endocannabinoids to maintain balance within your body. When you use CBD, it stimulates the production of endocannabinoids, which helps the endocannabinoid system keep your body running smoothly.
For a more in-depth understanding of how CBD works with your endocannabinoid system, please read our The Science of CBD” article.
The Endocannabinoid System
Different Types of CBD Extracts
When you’re looking for CBD products, you’re often going to find the terms CBD Isolate, Broad Spectrum, and Full Spectrum popping up everywhere. These are the 3 types of CBD forms used when creating CBD products. Because all 3 are different, we outlined the basics of all 3 below for you.
CBD isolate is the purest form of the CBD compound. It is created through extracting multiple cannabinoids from the plant and filtering the extract repeatedly until only the CBD is left. Most CBD isolates contain around 99% of pure CBD.
Full Sprectrum CBD
Full Spectrum CBD is the opposite of an isolate. It contains all phytochemicals naturally found in the plant. These Full Spectrum extracts from hemp also come with a low amount of THC content, making it have little psychoactive effect. Although Full Spectrum CBD extract has a minimal psychoactive effect, it can often give a positive during a drug test. If you’re worried about taking CBD and having a drug test, review our CBD and Drug Testing blog here.
Broad Sprectrum CBD
Broad Spectrum CBD contains cannabidiol and all the other compounds found within the plant, except for THC. During the extraction process, the THC is removed to create the Broad Spectrum Extract. Broad Spectrum CBD is often referred to as the middle ground between CBD Isolate and Full Spectrum.
All Zova products utilize Broad Spectrum Hemp Extract. This means that our Broad Spectrum CBD is derived from a hemp plant, rather than a marijuana plant. We use Broad Spectrum Hemp Extract because we believe that the benefits from CBD are strongest when you receive a full range of the chemical compounds found within the hemp plant.
While Broad Spectrum CBD is created by removing THC from the extract, it may still appear on a drug test. This is because of the wide range of cannabinoids that show up in a Broad Spectrum Extract. We highly recommend you read our CBD and Drug Testing blog to fully understand how this may affect you when consuming our CBD products.